Yoga Glossary

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Yoga Glossary 2016-11-19T13:17:53+00:00

This Sanskrit to English dictionary is a living document that I add to regularly,  Please Email me any words not listed that would help us study. Click on a letter below to go to that section.  Try to learn a new word each day… Om Shanti.  -j




Sanskrit Yoga Glossary A

A An ‘a’ in front of a sanskrit word often negates it.  ie.  himsa is harming,  ahimsa is non-harming.
Abishekam Ritual bathing, or sprinkling with blessed water
Abhyasa Practice – steady and focused
Abhinivesha The will to live – clinging to embodied life – one of the Kleshas.
Acharya Learned and revered teacher or instructor
Agni Fire
Ahamkara Ego, Sense of I, sense of separateness. Our collection of preferences and prejudices.
Ahimsa Non-harming – The first Yama and most important moral discipline.  All others build on this one.
Ajapa Japa Silent Mantra practice
Ajna Chakra The Third eye, seat of Shiva, place of knowing and intuition.  Seed sound is Om
Akasha Ether – inner space
Amrita The nectar of immortality.
Anahata The unstruck sound.
Anahata Chakra The Heart Chakra – The Heart Center or Energetic heart.  Seed sound is Yam
Ananda Bliss state
Anjali Mudra Palms pressed together in front of the heart center
Anjaneasana Kneeling lunge pose arms overhead reminiscent of Hanuman’s great leap.  Posture of Devotion.
Antar Inner or inwards
Antaratman Inner Self
Antar Dhauti Internal Kriya – intestinal cleansing – from the shatkarma.
Anubhava Profound Yoga experience.
Ardha Half
Ardha Matsyendrasana Seated spinal twist yoga posture
Arjuna Human hero of the Bhagavad Gita – Krishnas disciple.
Asuric Demonlike
Asana Seat – a Yoga Posture.
Ashrama A sacred place of retreat or refuge  “where effort is made”
Ashtanga-yoga 8 limbs of Yoga: yama – niyama – asana – pranayama –pratyahara –dharana – dhyana –samadhi
Asmita  “I am-ness” similar to Ahamkara or ego.
Atman Our true nature or identity – the individual self.
Aum Om – Primordial Sound
Avidya Ignorance, a root cause of suffering or duhkha.
Ayurveda “Science of Life” Traditional indian system of medicine.


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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary B

Bandha Bond, or Bind, in Asana when two parts are joined, There are also internal Bandas, Bhandas.
Benares An ancient name for Varanasi, the most sacred city in India.
Bhagavad Gita ‘The Lords Song”  an ancient epic poem part of the Mahabharata contains early teachings on yoga as Handed down by Krishna to Arjuna at Kurukshetra 3,000 years ago.
Bhajan a song of devotion, typically sung sweetly, as an offering
Bhakta a practicing bhakti yogi – the Yoga of Devotion
Bhakti A path of Yoga, the Yoga of Devotion, The practices include Mantra and KIrtan.
Bhav Serene feeling or mood, post Yoga or practice feel is being ‘in the bhav”
Bikram Yoga A style of heated Yoga – A scripted, copyrighted sequence of postures in a 105 degree room.
Bhuma The Unconditioned, the Great Infinite, Brahman.
Bhuta Yoga the path of caring for all beings in all forms.  Often practiced as the feeding of animals.
Bija ‘Seed’  associated with sound, seed sounds to invoke or balance.
Bindu “a point of focus’  The dot worn at the third eye
Blisscombobulated That post yoga state of being responsible for the overflowing lost and found box at the studio.
Bodhi ‘ Enlightenment’ A state of high awareness.
Bodhisattva An awakened being who has devoted themselves to awakening others.
Brahma  the Creator of the universe in the Hindu Trinity.
Brahma-Tejas a halo from so much practice.
Brahmacharya One of the five Yamas, a limb of Ashtanga Yoga – the practice of celibacy.
Brahmamuhurta from 4 a.m. to 6 a.m. The best time for spiritual practice.
Brahman The Absolute Reality
Buddhi Wisdom or intellect, a higher function of the 4 parts of our mind.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary C

Chakra ‘wheel’  Energy centers of the subtle body:  Mooladhara, Svadistana, manipura, Anahata, Vishuda, Ajna, Sahasrara
Chandra The moon – associated with the feminine, the Ida nadi.
Chandra nadi ida nadi – left side – feminine.
Chin-mudra Mudra, or hand gesture – bring the tip of the index finger to the tip of the thumb – other fingers stay straight.  Often used in meditation.  A seal.
Chit  Ultimate consciousness – source of knowing
Chitta Our consciousness, the mind.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary D

DakshinaMurti A form of Shiva, as teacher in Mauna.  Dakshin means facing South.
Danda staff or short crutch for supporting the arm during Jappa practice. alternates dominant nostril.
Darshan Being seen, often used in context of visiting with a holy being or saint. 
Daya Having Mercy
Deva A masculine high being.  ‘shining’
Devi a female high being.  ‘shining’
Dhanurasana The bow pose, a backbend/heart opener – on belly, holding ankles with hands.  Shiva’s bow.
Dharana Concentration. The 6th limb of Ashtanga Yoga.
Dharma Duty, doing the right thing, even when nobody is looking,  Righteousness.
Dhyana Meditation. 7th limb of  Ashtanga Yoga
Diksha initiation by a teacher or guru. Often a particular lineage, or mantra practice.
Drishti Fixing the gaze to one point.  Not staring, but holding.
Dosha In the Ayurveda medicine system, we are made up of a combination of three groups of tendencies: kapha, pitta, vata.  Health comes to us by balancing these three aspects of ourselves.
Duhkha  ‘Bad axle-hole’  Suffering coming from living off-centered, as in a rough ride from a bad wheel.  All suffering is caused by ignorance of our true nature – ‘avidya’  The opposite is Sukha, or ‘good axle-hole’
Dvesha Dislike or Aversion.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary E

Ekadasi A Sacred day in the Hindu Calendar – Derived form the solar calendar, it’s the 11th day.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary G

Ganga The sacred river Ganges in India.  Seen as a deity, ‘mother’ Ganga. 
Gayatri A goddess, a name for Saraswati, goddess of Wisdom, knowledge, and music.
Gayatri-mantra Ancient Vedic Mantra – recited at sunrise and sunset: ‘Om Bhur Bhuvaha Swaha tat savitur varenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo nah pracodayat’
Gita See Bhagavad-Gita.
Gomukhasana cow’s face Asana,  A seated posture with legs under the body, crossed at knees, calves splayed behind, one arm over the shoulder, the other reaches up to bind behind back.
Granthi ‘Knot’  A blockage of energy in the sushumna-nadi  preventing the rise of kundalini. There are three:  brahma-granthivishnu-granthi, and rudra-granthi.  at muludhara, Anahata, and Ajna respectively. 
Gunas The 3 qualities of nature: Tamas– darkness, or inertia. Rajas – Action.  Sattva – Calm, centered.
Guru ‘Heavy’ anything that removes darkness. Traditionally, spiritual teacher
Guru-Gita An epic song/Mantra sung in praise of the Guru.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary H

Hamsa ‘Swan’  Saraswati’s rise, and the Mantra that rides on the breath, ‘So-ham’ or I am that.
Hatha Yoga Mainly the peaceful practice of Yoga Postures, along with Mudra, Meditation and internal practices of Breath Control and Bhandas.  
Hatha-Yoga-Pradipika An ancient text on Hatha yoga, Means ‘light on Yoga’
Havan Making sacred offerings
Hridaya Heart and space around it.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary I

Iccha Willpower
Ida-Nadi ‘Pale’  The energy path rising up the left side of the body,  Connected with the parasympathetic nervous system and calming when active.  Feminine – moon energy. 
Indra A form of ultimate source, leader of the gods.
Indriyas Our five bodily senses.
Ishvara Source, or God
Ishvara-Pranidhana Dedicating your efforts to the lord.  One of the niyamas, foundational practices of Yoga in the Ashtanga system.
Ishta dev A practitioners personal choice of deity, or form of divinity to honor.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary J

Jala Water
Jala Neti a soothing cleansing of the nose and nasal passages with saline water.  relives allergies and congestion. believed to highten intuition, and more currently prevents colds and flu.
Jalandhara Bandha ‘throat lock’ Closing off the throat by lifting the chest and sliding the skull back.
Japa The repetition or chanting of a mantra, often practices with a Mala, string of 108 beads.
Jiva The Individual Soul.
Jivan-Mukti A high being who has attained liberation ‘moksha’ while still in the body. ‘living liberated’
Jnana Knowledge, in it’s many forms.  A path of yoga, attaining wisdom and knowledge as a path to understanding and enlightenment.
Jnana Mudra A hand gesture, the thumb and index finger join, the other fingers are extended, the palm is turned up to receive wisdom.  

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary K

Kaivalya Freedom or independence from Avidya, or wrong understanding.
Kali Born of Durga’s furrowed brow, Kali is a fierce form of feminine divinity, or mother energy.
Kali-Yuga The times we are in now, a period of challenge and destruction.  Kali here means a losing thow of the dice.
Kama Desires, mainly in the sensual context.
Kapal Skull.
Kapalbhati Pranayama rapid strong exhalations through the nose. the skull shining breath
Karmaindriyas The 6 organs of action, our tongue, hands, feet, anus, and genitals.
Karma Yoga Selfless service, making an offering of the best parts of you.
Karuna a form of Compassion
Kashaya Desires that have not seen the light of awareness, or that are kept secret.
Kirtan A call and response style of learning and singing songs.
Khecari-Mudra a mudra with the tounge, curling to the palate – a seal of prana.
Kleshas the 5 afflictions that come along with a human birth.  Obstacles to elinghtenment.
Koormasana the tortoise pose.
Koshas the 5 sheaths, or bodies that make up a being.  Annamaya-kosha – The food body or physical body), Pranamaya-kosha – Body made of breath and energy. Manomaya-kosha The mind: thoughts and knowledge.  Vijnanamaya-kosha – consciousness, awareness.  Andananda-maya-kosha –  bliss body. 
Kriya an active Yoga practice or series of postures – A cleanse or purification.
Krishna A human born avatar of Vishnu, the preserving form of divinity.
Kshama The practice of forgiveness
Kumbhaka ‘a water pot’  Retaining the breath in, or out:  puraka and recaka
Kundalini Shakti In a non practiced human, energy lies dormant at the mooladhara chakra.  It’s  likened to a coiled serpent. Awakened though practice, it rises up the central channel, piercing the Granthis and Chakras, bringing energy and awareness.
Kutir A hermitage, small dwelling place.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary L

Laghima To float freely or levitate
Laya Merging into, or dissolving of the chakras, being absorbed into the infinite.
Lingam A symbol of God Shiva.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary M

Maha Very large, or great.
Maha Bandha Retaining the breath in while engaging moola bandha, jalandhara bandha and uddiyana bandha.
Mahabharata An ancient epic depicting the battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas fought at Kurukshetra in India. This text contains the Bhagavad Gita.
Maha Mudra engaging moola bandha, khechari, and shambhavi mudras.
Maharishi a wise and great practitioner.
Mahasamadhi The bodily death of a high being.  Advanced Yogis have been known to sit in meditation and shed the body, moving on to the next realm.
Mahatma Great soul. a holder of siddhis.
Maitri Kindness, helping, or Friendship 
Makara Alligator or crocodile
Makarasana The Crocodile pose.  A hopping form of Chaturanga.
Manas the lower mind, Attached to senses and worldly and bodily knowledge.
Mandala A circular design in honor of a deity. In Buddhism it is a representation of the world or universe.
Manipura Chakra Near the navel solar plexus, associated with Ego and Ahamkara/sense of self.  Bija Sound is Ram.
Mantra Sacred syllables or words, or set of words spoken aloud or internally to invoke a state of being, bring balance, or honor a deity.  ‘Om’ is the Mantra said to contain all Mantras.
Marma From Ayurveda – Spots on the body where energy is highly concentrated
Matsyea FIsh, as in fish pose – Matsyeasana.
Mauna The practice of sacred, chosen silence.
Maya Our illusion that we are separateness from source.  
Mayur The Vehicle of Muragan, son of Shiva.  A peacock.
Moha Total captivation of the senses.
Moksha liberation from worldly existence, free from ignorance, continued birth and death, and the creating of new Karma.  often called mukti.
Moola Bandha (Mula) Firm skillful lifting of the pelvic floor. 
Mooladhara Chakra Base Chakra, associated with physical wellbeing, survival, and grasping or Graha.  Where Kundalini lies dormant.   Seed sound is LAM.
Mudra A seal or gesture, made to invoke a state of being or honor a deity.  Chin, Jnana…
Mukti Liberation
Mumukshu A practitioner on the path towards moksha or liberation.
Muni a Sage, knowledgeable person, often silent. 

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary N

Nada – Nadam Sound Sacred, or inner.
Nada-Yoga The Yoga of Vibration and sound.  
Nadi ‘Channel’  There are 72,000 main channels that circulate Prana, or life force. The 3 major Nadis are ida, pingala, and sushumna. The rise up the center of the body.
Nadi-Shodhana The alternate nostril breath practice, or Pranayama used to balance and purifying the Nadis.
Namaste Traditional Hindu greeting/honoring of our oneness.  Say with eye contact, and hands pressed together in front of the heart.  (Anjali Mudra)
Narada a great saint associated with sound and music.
Nataraja Shiva in the form of the Cosmic Dancer, the dancers posture.
Nauli Internal abdominal organ massage – a churn of the organs by way of contracting the abdominal muscles in circular rhythm.
Neti-Neti ‘Not that, not that’  A meditation practice, find out what we are by eliminating what we are not.
Nidra Yogic sleep.  Yoga Nidra is a specific guided meditation of the physical and subtle body.
Nirodha a restriction or stilling of the mind-stuff.  Chitta-Vritis.
Nirvana Another word for liberation – Buddhist.
Niyama ‘Restraint’ The second limb of Raja Ashtanga Yoga as described by Patanjali consists of 5 observences in regards to behavior:  Purity – saucha, Contentment – santosh, Austerity – tapas, Self-study –svadhyaya), and Dedication to source, or the Lord – ishvara-pranidad.
Nyasa ‘To place’ The bringing of Prana to places in the body by placing, touching, or directing the mind there.  Where the word Vinyasa (To place in a special way) comes from.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary O

Ojas Energy of vitality that rises with steady and focused practice.
Om The sound of the universe, of all things coming apart and together, the universal mantra
Out-hale The exhale of breath. As in: “Inhale….. out-hale….”     (Yeah, this has come out of me in class…)
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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary P

Pada foot – or the chapter in a sacred text.  ie. There are 4 Padas in Patanjalis Yoga Sutras.
Padmasana lotus pose
Pancha Tattwa Tive elements that make up the physical world – earth, water, fire, air and ether
Param High, in pertaining to divinity or source.
Paramatma The transcendental self , as opposed to the jiva, or individual self.
Paschimottanasana Seated forward Folding posture – ‘stretch of the western side of the body.’
Pasu-Svabhava Primal natures in all embodied beings, mainly pertaining to animal natures.
Patanjali Sage who compiled the Yogic knowledge of his day into the Yoga Sutras, The primary text of Raja Ashtanga Yoga.  Patanjali left us a map to enlightenment, distinct practices and what to watch out for along the way.

Pingala Nadi ‘The energy path or conduit rising up the right side of the body, connected with the sympathetic nervous system and energizing the mind when active.  Sun, or Masculine energy.
Poornima A night when the moon is full.  
Prajna Wisdom.
Prakamya fulfilling desires.
Prakasha A form of inner light.
Prakriti Nature, the natural world, all physical things.
Prakriti-Laya a high being who has merged with Nature.  The state of being just before Moksha.
Pramana proof or evidence of belief.
Prana Spark of life that sustains all forms of living beings. The ‘Life force’ on loan to all embodied beings.
Pranava A name for the sacred syllable Om.
Pranayama Conscious practices of breath control.  The fourth limb of Raja Ashtanga Yoga.
Prasad Food that has been offered up.
Pratyahara Withdrawing from the senses. – The fifth limb of Raja Ashtanga Yoga. leads to concentration.
Prema Love
Puja  Ritual practice of offerings and worship.
Puraka intake of air in Pranayama
Puranas Volumes of ancient indian stories, myths and teachings.
Purusha Pure Consciousness – The Supreme Being.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary R

Radha Krishna’s consort; a form of feminine divinity, the Mother
Raga Attachment
Raja Kingly
Raja Hatha Yoga A Whole-Yoga practice – The physical practice of Yoga postures, while honoring all limbs of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga.  A returning to wholeness.     This is the style I practice and teach the most.
Rajas Action, motion, unrest. One of the three Gunas. 
Rama Human born avatar of Vishnu – the preserving force in the universe. The ultimate form of masculinity, and righteousness. Husband of Sita.  Subject of the the epic story of Ramayana
Rasasvada a brief taste of Samdhi, or ultimate bliss.
Rechaka exhalation, in the context of Pranyama, breathing control.
Rishi ‘seer’ A very learned sage or spiritual master. 
Rishikesh A sacred city on the banks of the Ganges, upstream from Haridwar. A place of Yogis.
Rudra Ancient form of Shiva, The god of transformation, of the Hindu Trinity.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary S

Sadhaka a practicing Yogi
Sadhana Perosnal spiritual practice and disciplines. ‘accomplishment’
Sadhu a Renunciate, wandering seeker of liberation.
Sahasrara Chakra The Crown Chakra, beyond the elements, Nadis and sounds. Bija, or seed sound is a silent Om
Sakshi Witness consciousness
Sakti Power; the feminine aspect of Divinity.
Sakti-pat Delivery or transference of energy from high being to seeker.
Sama Evenness, tranquility, or Serenity.  SamaVriti – evenness of mind
Samadhi The eighth limb of Raja Ashtanga Yoga. Ecstatic state of being, where the aspirant joins with the object of meditation, becoming one with Superconsciousness – union with supreme source.  Total bliss, or the endpoint of Raja Ashtanga Yoga.

Samkhya Major branch of Hinduism which describes the balances between the world of Spirit – purusha with the world of Nature- prakriti
Samnyasa ‘To cast off’   To renounce worldly objects and experiences, to be absorbed in spiritual practice. Fourth stage of Vedic Living. 
Samsara Embodied life, successes and challenges of living in Maya or illusion.
Samskaras Karmic seeds, or impressions left in the subconscious. All worldly action leaves Samksaras.
Samyama Simultaneous concentration – dharana, meditation – dhyana, and ecstasy – samadhi on one object.
Sankalpa A resolve, or vow, intention or sacred decision.
Sankara (Shankara) Child prodigy and teacher of Vedanta philosophy.  Wrote the Nirvana Shaktam.
Sankirtan repeating the name of your ishtadev, or chosen form of divinity
Sannyasins Monastic renouncers of worldly life in favor of absorbtion in spiritual practice.
Santosha Divine contentment –
Saraswati Form of divine mother, Goddess of knowledge – arts, and music. Consort of Bramha.
Sarvangasana The shoulderstand – Queen of Yoga postures.
Sat of Truth – of higher truth.
Satchidananda Absolute truth – Sat,  absolute consciousness -Chid, absolute Bliss – Ananda
Satguru High being, a guru who has seen emptiness and attained enlightenment.
Satsang  Gathering or community of truth seekers, association with like minded aspirants.
Sattva pure, tranquil, calming, one of the three Gunas.
Satya truth, being truthful.  the Second Yama
Seetkari Pranayama A hissing breathing practice with tongue pressed against lower teeth, cools the body and mind.
Shambhavi Mudra ‘Unfolding of the goddess within’  gazing at the tip of the nose.
Shashankasana Pose of the moon – very similar to childs posture – Balasana
Shatkarma Kriyas that Purify the body, there are six, from the Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Sheetali Pranayama A cooling Pranayama or breath control. Inhaling over the curled tongue cools the body.
Shishya determined student
Siddha Yoni Asana the female counterpart of the siddhasana meditative posture, in which the left heel presses the entrance to the vagina
Siddhasana Seated posture with the left heel pressing into the pelvic floor, activating the mooladhara chakra.  The adepts pose.   Perfection.
Siddha great or realized student
Siddha-Yoga Kashmiri Shaivism Yoga practices of Swami Muktananda
Siddhi Yogic powers or attainments
Sirshasana Headstand – King of Yoga postures.
Siva (Shiva) Of the hindu trinity, god of transformation
Sloka a short verse of a sacred text – often two lines of prose.
Soham Reflected in the breath. means ‘I am That’. So is the inhale, Ham is the exhale.  Opposite practice of Neti-Neti. also see Hamsa.
Spanda Vibration, a concept that the ultimate reality is always evolving.
Sraddha Faith
Sri An honoring prefix for the name of a high being or deity.  ie.  Sri Lakshmi
Stotra a sacred song, devotional song.
Suddha Of purity, clear.
Sukhasana a simple cross legged pose for meditation.
Surya Bheda Pranayama Right nostril only (pingala or Sun) breathing practice
Sushumna Nadi The central channel, the axis of the chakras and conduit for Kumdalini Shakti
Sutra ‘thread’ A concentrated statement, meant to be unpacked and discoursed by a teacher. Yoga Sutras.
Swadhyaya The fourth Niyama, Study of the self in context of the scriptures. A lifelong practice of knowing the self in relation to source.
Swarupa reality, true nature.
Swadhisthana Chakra The second Chakra, below navel and above Mooladhara Chakra, associated with desire, and sexual drive.  Bija or seed sound is VAM.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary T

Tadasana Mountain, or standing posture, upright, steady. Ready for practice.
Tamas Darkness, lethargy, sloth, intertia.  One of the three Gunas of qualities of nature that make up a person.
Tapas ‘To burn’ Austerity, or challenge.  Sacred effort in the context of a sankalpa, or vow. The third Niyama of Raja Ashtanga Yoga.  Tapas is overcoming resistance for a real good chosen reason.
Tantra Spiritual practices that see all existence as a form of Shakti energy of the feminine.  Instead of realizing liberation from renouncing desire and human experience, they go through it to realize liberation.
Tiryaka Bhujangasana The Cobra pose with an added twist of the thorasic, or upper spine.
Trataka Cleansing of the eyes and sense of sight by conscious gazing, often a candle flame is used.
Trishna sensory craving
Turiya Transcendental state of being that is not awake, sleep, or dreaming.
Tyaga a word for Renunciation of worldly things and ways.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary U

Uddiyana Bandha

Drawing up and inwards of the abdomen.  Provides stabilization during asanas and Pranayamas.
Ujjayi Pranayama

Victory breath, A sounding breath – slightly constricting the back of the throat while breathing in through the nose.  Speeds up the velocity of breath as to sustain Asana practice.

Counseling given by a learned person

An extension of the Vedas, some say a completion of, texts that expound upon and explain the Vedas.

Awkward or fierce pose.  Standing with deeply bent knees, arms overhead.

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary V

Vairagya ‘Dispassion’   Detachment from worldly attachments. renouncing desires. According to Patanjali and Krishna (Bhagavad Gita) – the path to controlling the mind with Abyhasa or regular practice
Vajrasana Kneeling position with seat to heels. ‘thunderbolt’
Vama Swara Breathing into and out of the left nostril only.
Vasana-Kshya To be without desire.
Vasanas Desires that lurk below the surface.
Vatsara Dhauti Swallowing much air, then burping, a Yogic cleansing or Kriya.
Vedas These four texts: Rig Veda Yajur Veda Sama Veda Atharva Veda,  make up the oldest books known to mankind, and the knowledge and practices revealed to the ancient sages of India.

Virasana Pose of the Hero.  knees bent, legs together, seated between the heels.
Vibhuti Sacred Ash, from the sacred puja fire, worn on the Ajna and Vishuda chakras
Vishuddha Chakra Throat Chakra, The seat of truth, and bridge between higher and lower chakras. See Hamsa
Viveka Clear discernment, Discrimination
Vritti A disturbance in the mind.
Vyavahara Activity or action in the physical world. Prakriti.    Chores…

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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary Y

Yama ‘Restraint’ The first limb of Raja Ashtanga Yoga;  A foundation of Yoga practice begins with vows of  – Ahimsa – non-harming, Satya – truthfulness, Asteya – Not Stealing, Bramachyrya – sexual continence, Aparigraha – Non grasping or hoarding.
Yamuna River Sacred river in India, joins the Ganges at Allahabad, one of the 4 sites of the Kumbha Mela.
Yantra The Geometric representation of a Mantra used for meditation on an idea or deity, similar to a mandala.
Yoga The Yoking or union – coming together of a pair of opposites.  Sun and Moon, masculine and femine, known and unknown, man and source.  Used in the context of seeking enlightenment, connection, a return to wholeness.  (Vast, much more than posture exercise practice)
Yoga Nidra a guided meditation of the physical and subtle bodies, leading to deep rest and rejuvanation
Yoni Source – feminine – Feminine genitals.


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Sanskrit Yoga Glossary 


Zabuton Traditional square meditation cushion used in Zen practice.
Zafu Traditional round meditation cushion used in Zen Practice.


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